President’s Note

A typically healthy representation of Hawthorn Rotarians attended District Assembly last Sunday. No doubt deliberately, Assembly occurs at a juncture in the Rotary year when we are looking both backwards and forwards. Current club leaders are engaged in looking back at recent projects ensuring loose ends are tied up, while new leaders and club members generally are looking forward with anticipation to the new Rotary year.  
Breakout sessions at Assembly enable incoming board members to garner portfolio-specific knowledge and inspiration, while in the plenaries, new District leaders and support personnel are introduced, and the incoming District Governor rallies the troops to action for the forthcoming year.  Last Sunday DGE Grant Hocking enthusiastically laid out his hopes and plans for 2019-2020, while via video, RI President Daniel Maloney passionately introduced and explained his theme for the year - Rotary Connects the World. The video is available at If this year's logo makes no sense to you, at first sight, ensure you watch the end of the video. All will become clear.
Photo:   District Governor Elect Grant Hocking introduced the District Support Team for 2019-2020 with apologies from several who were on their way to, or at Hamburg for the RI Convention.
This year's theme is consistent with my own evolving view of Rotary engagement and my belief that the true power of the organisation of which we are members is in our global connection.  In the past, the Club has been the primary focus for many Rotarians. However, I sense a move towards a broader view for future Rotarians. Becoming involved beyond the Club at the District level, via Rotary Action Groups or in cooperation with other members from other clubs locally and internationally provides a broader array of options and the opportunity to engage in projects that resonate with personal priorities and concerns. Information technology and social media have been significant catalysts in connecting Rotarians beyond the Club. But so also has been the continuous growth of Rotary Action and Interest Groups and organisations such as World of Difference.
I am personally looking forward to the celebratory and future-oriented aspects of the coming month; kicking off with the Board changeover meeting and dinner next Monday night. This will be followed by our Club Changeover on 20 June and District Changeover on Sunday 30 June. 
Please ensure you pay for Club Changeover soon and sign up for next week's Club meeting. Anyone with school-age children or grandchildren will be especially interested in what the guest speaker next Tuesday has to say.  Bring your adult children along as guests.
Ian Bentley


Stewart Kreltszheim is a firefighter, and he related how a bushfire in Kilmore in 2009 spread and the death toll rose. 
The Black Saturday bushfires killed 173 people, 120 in the Kinglake area alone. Another 414 people were injured. More than 450,000 hectares had burned and 3,500 buildings including more than 2000 houses destroyed. The RSPCA estimated that up to one million wild and domesticated animals died in the disaster.
The bushfires were the most devastating in Australian history, and Stewart had to testify at enquiries, a Royal Commission and a large class action lawsuit as a result. 
Stewart was also a guide on the Kokoda Trail, and to “clear his head” he spent time with No Roads Health, which takes tours to PNG, helping to improve access to medical treatment in remote areas such as Tufi.
Tours to PNG have become his passion, as No Roads Health aims to help Village Health Volunteers and Birth Assistants to become more capable and self-sufficient. 
Since Papua New Guinea gained its independence from Australia in 1975, the country’s healthcare has been a major issue. It has had some of the worst maternal mortality rates in the world, high infant mortality rates and a low ratio of healthcare workers to population.

No Roads Health expeditions aim to introduce healthcare professionals into remote local villages, providing general medical care while passing on knowledge and skills to local people. The education is centred around maternal and infant health, wound and infection management, and nutrition. 

Their aim is to provide a consistent, coordinated approach that delivers real outcomes over time. They consult local communities and work with them in the most effective way possible. Most importantly the project is ongoing, with approximately three to four expeditions each year visiting communities now and into the future.
The Coastal expedition visits the villages amongst the majical fjords of the Tufi District using boats as the main mode of transport. There is little trekking on this expedition but the hot and humid climate still makes the trip physically challenging.

Who’s laughing now?

In the minds of many critics, the first decades of television were marred by an auditory abomination—canned laughter has been derided as phony, vulgar, and condescending.
TV and film star David Niven griped in 1955 that “the laugh track is the greatest single affront to public intelligence I know of,” while University of Minnesota American studies professor Karal Ann Marling argued in 2003that fake laughs signal “a kind of decline in feistiness and an ability to think for yourself.”
But consider for a moment the unheralded achievements of the laugh track. It allowed directors to leave their live studio audiences behind and shoot scenes on location. It gave at-home viewers someone to laugh along with. And, if you believe the sparse scientific research and the anecdotal evidence from Hollywood, it made jokes funnier.
300 BC: Ancient Athenian performer Philemon routinely defeats his rival Menander at comedy competitions, not because he’s funnier, but because he hires audience members to laugh loudly at his jokes to sway the judges.
1600s: Paid plants at Shakespearean performances prompt the crowd to laugh, cheer, or jeer at the appropriate moments.
1800s: The “claque,” an audience member paid to applaud, becomes a fixture of Parisian theater, along with the “rieur” (paid laugher) and the “pleureuses” (women paid to weep).
1935: Early radio shows, like the BBC comedy Harry Hopeful, feature reactions from live studio audiences to give listeners the feeling of going to the theater.
1940s: The advent of magnetic tape and multitrack recording makes it easier to manipulate, or “sweeten,” audience responses in post-production.
1948: Bing Crosby begins pre-recording his popular radio show, and starts sweetening his audience’s laughs soon after.
1950: Television’s first rudimentary laugh track debuts on The Hank McCune Show, which apparently sorely needed one.
1953: Charles Douglass creates the Laff Box and establishes a monopoly on canned laughter.
1959: The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show becomes the first cartoon to feature a laugh track.
1960s: Laugh tracks infiltrate nearly every US sitcom, and many cartoons, too.
1971: Cartoon studio Hanna-Barbera fires Charles Douglass and begins using its own laugh track on cartoons like The Flintstonesand Scooby-Doo.
1980s: Laugh tracks fall out of vogue. Although some sitcoms—like Seinfeld and Friends—keep their canned laughs, new shows increasingly abandon them.
The trouble with live audiences
In the early days of television, most shows were filmed in front of live audiences, as if they were stage plays being broadcast into viewers’ homes. But for the people actually sitting in the studios during tapings, the experience was very different from going to the theater.
Most shows at the time were shot with a single camera, meaning that the actors would perform the same scene several times so the camera could capture them from different angles. Plus, if an actor blew a line, the director might cut and reshoot the scene. After the third or fourth take, the jokes got stale, and the audience stopped laughing.
Some shows, starting with I Love Lucy in 1951, responded by adopting a multi-camera format, meaning that actors could do a scene once with three cameras shooting different angles. Even so, they still had laugh problems: Sometimes a joke fell flat, or editing would create awkward gaps in crowd reactions that had to be smoothed out.
Enter the sound engineer. In post-production, editors would add laughs where jokes failed, bridge the gaps between laughs, or tamp down laughs that went on for too long (like the infamous 65-second laugh that brought an episode of I Love Lucy to a standstill). 
Eventually, producers realized they could replace live audiences entirely with a laugh track. Actors learned to pause after delivering their lines to a silent studio, waiting for the phantom laugh they knew would come in post-production.
Ths Shadow Knows!
The Shadow notes that shrewd Rotarians, Scotsmen, and downright cheapskates are registering early for THE ROTARY INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION, HONOLULU, HAWAII, 6-10 JUNE 2020 at
Why? Because there’s a trick to it: if you register 1st - 5th June 2019, you get a big discount: US$395 (as opposed to the full rate of US$650)
Come and join us in Hawaii, where David Pisterman will be sussing out the best hotels.
Can’t you see yourself at the Moana Surfrider Hotel and Spa on Waikiki Beach?
Visit these sites for more information: Rotary International Convention
Honolulu Host Organization
Did a Rotarian Spy change the course of the Second World War?
The Shadow’s old pal Tony Thomas has been reading Owen Matthew’s new biography of Rotary Club stalwart Richard Sorge, the German communist spy in Tokyo. Sorge tipped off Stalin on Setember 14, 1941, that Japan would not invade from Manchuria. Stalin could then swing forces from Siberia to the west — 15 infantry divisions, three cavalry divisions, 1500 tanks and 1700 aircraft to push the Germans back from Moscow. 
Tony noted some other famous Rotarians: flight pioneers Orville Wright (Rotary Club of Dayton Ohio ) and Charles Lindberg, and the first man on the moon, Neil Armstrong, (RC Wapakoneta, Ohio). Next time you buy a Hallmark card for your mother-in-law, be aware that Hallmark founder Joyce C. Hall was with RC Kansas City.  Such brand names as Pirelli, Firestone, Matsushita, Colonel Sanders’ KFC, Louis Vuitton and Cointreau all harken to Rotarian founders. Roald Amundsen (South Pole) and Edmund Hillary (Everest) explored Oslo and Auckland Rotary Clubs respectively.
Sergeant-at-Arms Simon O’Donoghue was efficient at separating members from their gold coins, fining Peter Lugg, Judy Rosback, Joy Gillies and Cheryl Pisterman for their birthdays,  Phil Stewart for a wedding anniversary, and Denbigh Richards and Kim D’Arcy for a 1 year Rotary Anniversary. We’d hate to see Simon get really hungry!
Denbigh Richards and Lawrence Reddaway (right) wonder where the Sergeant will strike next.
Ed Brown of Yarra Bend RC writes:  
Hi, I am Ed Brown from Yarra Bend Rotary.  We have recently restored a playground for Parks Victoria (Dickinson park playground) an older wooden type  that just needed a lot of TLC.  
Parks Victoria liked the work that we did and have asked us would we look at doing more of the same.The work includes another playground two rotundas park benches and the list goes on and on. 
The site is off Yarra Bend Rd just after crossing the eastern freeway travelling south from Heidlberg Rd: a lawn garden area full of lots of people on a sunny day (Highly visible)
Yarra Bend Rotary cannot do the work alone and are asking the other Rotarians of the cluster would they like to take part. If you are interested please contact me on 9822-2668 or

Jest for a Laugh

Upcoming Speakers

Cheryl Lacey
Jun 04, 2019
Conscious Incompetence: The Epidemic Gripping Australian Schools
Cheryl Lacey is an educationist, speaker and author. She has published several books, writes a weekly newsletter and has another book on the way.Conscious Incompetence: The Epidemic Gripping Australian Schools
She has worked extensively throughout Australia and internationally with leaders in education. The landscape of Australian education, while constantly changing, continues to increase in complexity, resulting in scope creep and scope seep in schools, workplaces, the home and the community more broadly. Rotary is an organisation that sees and acts on many needs in our schools - however, while these acts of service are of good intent, are our efforts hitting the mark?
Cheryl's professional diversity includes teaching & consulting spanning the early childhood to tertiary sector, business owner, and radio and print media. She's a lively, well respected and thought-provoking contrarian'.
Chair:  President Ian Bentley
Jun 11, 2019
The Power Of Rotary:  Katie Wilford is an Iowa native in the land Down Under studying at the University of Melbourne for her Master of Education. When she is not writing assessments or doing research, you can find her cooking snags at Rotary barbies, volunteering at DIK and Missionaries of Charity, providing free mathematics tutoring at Epping Secondary, exploring Melbourne, and travelling throughout Australia (she has two states to go!). Australia has been Katie’s home for the past nine months and when asked about going “home” (back to Iowa) she often says, “I’m not done with Melbourne yet!”

As a Rotary Global Scholar, she is an investment to Rotary with the drive to fulfil three big dreams: to teach, to feed, and to help.

Rotary Hawthorn Changeover
Jun 20, 2019
Kooyong Lawn Tennis Club

Forthcoming Events

 “The impact of daylighting and views on building occupants’ sense of wellbeing”
You are invited to participate in the above research project, which is being conducted by Prof Gavin Lambert (Principal Co-ordinating Supervisor) and Mr Allen Lo (PhD Candidate) of the Faculty of Health, Arts and Design at the Swinburne University of Technology.
What is this project about and why it is being undertaken?
The aim of the study is to investigate the relationship between daylight intensity and the sense of wellbeing of building occupants, and also the relationship between daylight with a green view and the sense of wellbeing.
Specifically, we are interested in determining whether exposing building occupants to daylight with a green view increases their sense of wellbeing to a much greater degree than just daylight only exposure. The information gathered from this experiment will contribute to a more human centric lighting design where the effects of daylight and access to views on people would be taken into consideration.
Project and researcher interests
This is a wholly Swinburne Higher Degree project and no third party supported in cash or cash in kind is provided. This research will form the basis of Allen’s entire PhD program assessment.
What will I be asked to do and will I be compensated?
To be considered, you must have a normal sleep cycle before and during the course of the study and need to have lived inside the Australian Eastern Standard Time Zone for at least two months prior to the study. You should have no medical (cardiac, visual or hearing problems), psychiatric or sleep disorders, cognitive impairments, and you are not a shift worker.
If you would like to volunteer, or wish more information, contact Allen Lo at
Make-ups and Apologies

Kim D'Arcy always seeks to finalize numbers by Monday 8.30am by collating  responses about attendance at the next meeting.   So please try to email back to her by that time; and, at the same time, forewarn of any guests.   (Predicting our numbers as closely as possible helps to minimize our catering costs.)

Invitations to Tuesday Club meetings now look slightly different.  To indicate your attendance or apologies, you will not be required to write an email to Kim.  You will simply need to click on the link attached to your name and follow a couple of simple steps. You can pay for your meal on the site.

Geoff Wright collates the attendance information.  He needs to know of  "make up " events.

Club Roster 

If you cannot perform your duty, please find a replacement or contact Charles Morrison


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